Eastern Mediterranean is a temperate sea close to tropical conditions. It is not suitable for large scale fishing due to the fact that the island's continental shelf is low. The waters of Cyprus are the poorest area of the Mediterranean in terms of fishing. In recent years, the living species of the Mediterranean are under the pressure of exotic species entering from the Suez Canal.
has 396 km of coastal area. There are 170 fish species and coastal fishing. Troll and purse fish hunting is prohibited. 30 fish species are caught commercially. The most efficient hunting season is May, followed by March, June and August. There are bream and sea bass farms in North Cyprus (Kumyali and Bosphorus). Aquaculture is of great importance for the nutrition and tourism sector.
Northern Cyprus has not only a holiday and entertainment but also have a wealth of diverse nature and historical artifacts. Accommodation facilities are available for all types of budgets.
North Cyprus, which has hosted various
civilizations, was influenced by the cultures of these civilizations. Therefore
it has very rich cuisine. In North Cyprus, there are hellim cheese, walnut
paste, magarina bulli, sheftali kebab, lagang, hirsiz (kebab), mulukhiyah, kolakas, pirohu,
gullirikya dishes and many other types of food. Olive oil is used in meals and
is the main element of food culture.
Nicosia is the capital of Northern Cyprus. It is also the capital of Southern Cyprus. It is divided into two so-called Green Line borders. The north of the city belongs to the Turks and the south to the Greeks. There is a United Nations Peacekeeping Force in the intermediate zone (green line). It is suitable for travel in Nicosia from March to the end of October.
St. Sophia (Hagia Sophia) Cathedral-Selimiye Mosque; In 1209, the Lusignans (the French dynasty ruling Cyprus between 1192-1489) started the construction of the cathedral, which is the largest place of worship in Cyprus. In 1570, two minarets were added and converted into a mosque and called Selimiye Mosque. This gothic style is one of the most beautiful examples of medieval French architecture.
Venice Column; The 6-meter column, which was supposed to have been brought from the Salamis Temple, was erected by the Venetians in 1550. It has a coat of arms of six Italian families. It was erected by the British (Atatürk Square) instead of the present.
Buyuk Han; It was made of stone in 1572 by the Ottomans. Nicosia's most beautiful historical structure. It was used as a prison during the British colonial period. There are shops selling souvenirs, restaurants and cafes at this place, which remains intact until today.
Bedesten - St. Nicolas Church; Instead of a basilica which was destroyed in an earthquake in the 12th century, during the Byzantine period was built St. Nicolas Church. In the Lusignans period (14th century) was expanded. In the Ottoman period it was turned into a bedesten (the bazaar where precious goods were sold). It is one of the most beautiful works reflecting the stone workmanship of Gothic architecture. It has been restored with the financial contributions of the EU and used in cultural and artistic activities.
Medieval stone artifacts (Lapidary) museum; It was built by Venetians in the 15th century. It was used as the place (guest house) for people came from outside the city. The important stones in the Lusignan palace that were destroyed by the British were moved to this building which was used as a museum today. The museum is worth a visit.
Arab Ahmet District; Although its historic features are lost, the narrow winding streets take people to the past. Single or two-storey bay windows and unstained houses, flat arched entry doors, decorated and wooden fringed houses are worth seeing.
Mevlevi Tekke Museum; It is located in the Kyrenia Gate, north of the walls of Nicosia. It was built in 1583. It was rebuilt in the 17th century and was named as the Tekke. It is provided from the Mevlevi Farm (Cira-Hanım) of the foundation allocated to it. It has been the haunt of those who go on the pilgrimage with the tekke ship. It met the shelter, food and dressing needs of the poor. The Mevlevi is an Islamic sect. It is a sect which has a belief in honesty, goodness and justice, which generally embraces people without any discrimination. It has its own private mysticism training and rituals.